Nam Dinh is a coastal province in the North of Vietnam, with Ninh Binh to the south, Thai Binh to the north, and Ha Nam to the northwest. This province has a pristine 74km long seaside with great potential to develop both its fishing and water tourism economy. Currently, the economy of Nam Dinh depends mainly on agriculture, and is in fact one of the most important agricultural areas in Northern Vietnam. Nevertheless, the province is transforming rapidly from an agricultural to an industrial base, and aims to become one of the biggest industrial centers of Vietnam.
The terrain of Nam Dinh is mostly a flat plain suitable for grains like rice and corn as well as fruits and cotton. The landscape is dominated by two types of plain: low-sunken and coastal plains. The low-sunken plain is exploited not only to develop agriculture but also for production in the food and textile industries. The coastal plain is utilized in a diverse way that has yet to see industrial development.
The weather in Nam Dinh comes from a tropical monsoon climate with an average temperature of 240 C. December and January are the months with the coldest climate (16-170 C) whereas the hottest month is July with a mean temperature of 30o C. Nam Dinh has a medium humidity level of 85% with total annual rainfall of 1,800 mm, concentrated between May and October.
According to the National Population Survey in 2009, the population in Nam Dinh was 1.8 million with a high population density of 1200 people/km². The people of Nam Dinh are famous for their studiousness and many have been celebrated as mirrors of learning, such as the mathematician and poet Luong The Vinh, or the scientist and philosopher Dao Su Tich. The province is renowned as a center of culture, and holds an important place in the beliefs of the northern Vietnamese people. It is the location of many traditional festivals, relics and religious sites that have been well preserved from ancient times. Historically it was the center of the Tran Dynasty, which is best known for defeating three Mongol invasions between 1225 and 1400.